Application of Compost Produced by Bioconversion of Coffee Husk by Black Soldier Fly Larvae (Hermetia Illucens) as Solid Fertilizer to Lettuce (Lactuca Sativa Var. Crispa): Impact to Growth impact to growth

Main Article Content

Mia Rosmiati Katiana Apriyani Nurjanah Gede Suantika Ramadhani Eka Putra

Abstract

Lettuce is one of the most cultivated vegetables in West Java. Fertilizer plays important role for growth of this vegetables. Increasing cost of synthetic fertilizer and preference on less chemical residue agricultural products shifted the cultivation toward to application of more organic fertilizers. In this study, compost produced by bioconversion of coffee husk by black soldier fly larvae was applied as part of lettuce cultivation in order to observe the effect to growth. The result showed that lettuce cultivated with manure significantly produced highest plant height (20.37 ± 1.565 cm), number of leaves (12.20 ± 1.119), leaf area (129.45 ± 29.622 cm2), and chlorophyl content (5.92 ± 1.227 mg/liter). On the other hand, lettuce cultivated with compost originated from bioconversion process showed second best value which is higher than value of conventional compost of coffee husk.


 

Article Details

How to Cite
ROSMIATI, Mia et al. Application of Compost Produced by Bioconversion of Coffee Husk by Black Soldier Fly Larvae (Hermetia Illucens) as Solid Fertilizer to Lettuce (Lactuca Sativa Var. Crispa): Impact to Growth. Proceedings of the International Conference on Green Technology, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 1, p. 38-44, nov. 2017. ISSN 2580-7099. Available at: <http://conferences.uin-malang.ac.id/index.php/ICGT/article/view/377>. Date accessed: 20 nov. 2019.
Section
Biology

References

[1] Aini RQ, Sonjaya Y, Hana MN. Penerapan Bionutrien KPD padatanaman selada keriting (Lactuca sativa L.); Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi Kimia. 2010; 1(1):73-79.
[2] Adawiyah W, Anggraini. Analisis Beban Kerja Sumber Daya Manusia dalam Aktivitas Produksi Komoditi Sayuran Selada (Studi Kasus: CV Spirit Wira Utama); Jurnal Manajemen Organisasi.2013; 4(2): 128-143.
[3] Duaja MD. Pengaruh Bahan dan Dosis Kompos Cair terhadap Pertumbuhan Selada (Lactuca sativa); Bioplantae. 2012;1(1): 10-18.
[4] Manullang GS, Abdul R, PujiA. Pengaruh Jenis dan Konsentrasi Pupuk Organik Cair Terhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Hasil Tanaman Sawi (Brassica juncea L.) Varietas Tosakan; Jurnal Agrifor. 2014; XIII (1): 1412 –6885.
[5] Paulin B, O'Malley P. Compost production and use in horticulture. Australian Agriculture Authority, Vol.Bulletin 4746; 2008.
[6] Direktorat Jendral Perkebunan.Statistik Perkebunan Indonesia 2013-2015. Jakarta:Direktorat Jendral Perkebunan; 2014.
[7] Sriwijaya B. 2013. "Penggunaan Pupuk Organik Hasil Pengomposan Limbah Pengolahan Kopi dengan Menggunakan Probiotik Urin Sapi pada Budidaya Tanaman Selada; Jurnal Agrisains. 2013; 4(6): 50-70.
[8] Newton GL, Sheppard DC, Watson DW, Burtle GJ, Dove CR, Tomberlin JK, Thelen EE. 2005. ”The Black Soldier Fly, Hermetia illucens, as a Manure Management /Resource Recovery Tool”. Available from http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/wastemgt/natlcenter/sanantonio/Newton.pdf. 2005 [cited 4 Mei 2016].
[9] Manurung R, Supriatna A, Esyanthi RE, Putra RE. Bioconversion of Rice straw waste by blacksoldier fly larvae (Hermetia illucens L.): Optimal feed rate for biomass production;Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2016;4(4): 1036-1041.
[10] Supriyatna A, Manurung R, Esyanthi RE, Putra RE. Growth of black soldier larvae fed on cassava peel wastes, An agriculture waste;Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 2016;4(6): 161-165.
[11] Tomberlin JK, Sheppard DC, Joyce JA. Black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) colonization of pigcarrion in south Georgia;Journal of ForensicScience. 2005;50:152–153.
[12] Pujol-Luz JR, Francez P, Ururahy-Rodrigues A, Constantino R. The black soldier-fly, Hermetia illucens (Diptera, Stratiomyidae), used to estimate the postmortem interval in a case in Amapa State, Brazil;Journal of Forensic Science. 2008;53: 476–478.
[13] St-Hilaire S, Cranfill K, McGuire MA, Mosley EE, Tomberlin JK, Newton L, Sealey W, Sheppard C, Irving S. Fish offal recycling by the black soldier fly produces a foodstuff high in omega-3 fatty acids;Journal of the World Aquaculture Society. 2007;38: 309–313.
[14] Diener S, Solano NMS, Gutierrez FR, Zurbrugg C, Tockner K. Biological treatment of municipal organic waste using black soldier fly larvae. Waste Biomass Valorization. 2011;2: 357–363.
[15] Nguyen TTX, Tomberlin JK, Vanlaerhoven S. Influence of resources on Hermetia illucens (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) larval development;Journal of Medical Entomology. 2013;50: 898–906.
[16] Oonincx DGAB, van Broekhoven S, van Huis A, van Loon JJ. Feed conversion, survival and development, and composition of four insect species on diets composed of food by-products;PLoS ONE. 2015a10: e0144601.
[17] Fatchurochim S, Geden CJ, Axtell RC. Filth fly (Diptera) oviposition and larval development in poultry manure of various moisture levels;Journal of Entomological Science. 1989;24: 224-231.
[18] Myers H, Tomberlin JK, Lambert B, Kattes D. Development of black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) larvae fed dairy manure;Environmental Entomology. 2008;37: 11-15.
[19] Banks IJ, Gibson WT, Cameron MM. Growth rates of black soldier fly larvae fed on fresh human faeces and their implication for improving sanitation;Tropical Medicine and Health. 2014;19:14–22.
[20] Oonincx, DGAB, van Huis A, van Loon JJA. Nutrient utilisation by black soldier flies fed with chicken, pig, or cow manure;Journal of Insects as Food and Feed. 2015b;1: 131–139.
[21] Leclercq M. A propos de Hermetia illucens (Linnaeus, 1758) (Soldier fly) (Diptera Stratiomyidae: Hermetiinae);Bull. Annls. Soc. r. belge Ent. 1997; 133: 275-282.
[22] Wintermans JFGM, De Mots A. Spectrophotometric characteristics of chlorophyll a and b and their pheophytins in ethanol. Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 1965; 109: 448–453.
[23] Sriharti dan Salim.Pemanfaatan Sampah Taman (Rumput-Rumputan) untuk Pembuatan Kompos. PROSIDING
SEMINAR NASIONALTEKNIK KIMIA“KEJUANGAN” 2010: Pengembangan Teknologi Kimia untuk Pengolahan Sumber Daya Alam Indonesia. 1-8; 2010.
[24] Taiz L, Zieger E. Plant Physiology Fifth Edition. Sinaner Assoc, Inc; 2010.
[25] Atkins CA, Pate JS, Sanford PJ, Dakora FD, Matthews I. Nitrogen Nutrition of Nodules in Relation to 'N-Hunger' in Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp); Plant Physiol. 1989; 90: 1644-1649.
[26] Soval-Villa M, WoodCW, GuertalEA. Tomato leaf chlorophyll meter readings as affected by variety, nitrogen form, and nighttime nutrient solution strength; J. Plant Nutr. 2002; 25: 2129–2142.
[27] Uddling J, Gelang-Alfredsson J, Piikki K, Pleijel H. Evaluating the relationship between leaf chlorophyll concentration and SPAD-502 chlorophyll meter readings; Photosynth. Res. 2007; 91: 37–46.
[28] Hossain MdD, Musa MH, Talib J, Jol H. Effects of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium Levels on Kenaf(Hibiscus cannabinus L.) Growth and Photosynthesisunder Nutrient Solution;Journal of Agricultural Science. 2010; 2(2): 49-57.
[29] Zhang J, Wang Y, Wang P, Zhang Q, Yan C, Yu F, Yi J, Fang L. Effect of different levels of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium on root activity and chlorophyll content in leaves of Brassica oleracea seedlings grown in vegetable nursery substrate; Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology. 2017. 58(1): 5-11.
[30] Atiyeh RM, Subler S, Edwards CA, Bachman G,Metzger JD, Shuster W.Effects of vermicomposts and composts on plantgrowth in horticultural container media and soil; Pedobiologia. 2000; 44: 579–590.
[31] Ancuta D and Renata S. 2013. Influence of different types of composts on growth and chlorophyll content from tomato seedlings; Journal of Horticulture, Forestry and Biotechnology. 2013;17(4): 43- 48.
[32] Dwidjoseputro D. Pengantar Fisiologi Tumbuhan. Jakarta: Gramedia; 1985.
[33] Shibghatallah MAH, Khotimah SN, Suhandono S, Viridi S, Kesuma T. Measuring Leaf Chlorophyll Concentration from Its Color: A Way in Monitoring Environment Change to Plantations; AIP Conference Proceedings. 2013; 1554(1):210-213.
[34] Fallahudin I, AnitaRPR, Lekat,H. Pengaruh Pupuk Organik Limbah Kulit Kopi (Coffea Arabica L) terhadap Pertumbuhan Bibit Kopi; Jurnal Bioilmi. 2016; 2(2): 108-120.
[35] Chapin III FS. The mineral nutrition of wild plants;Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst.1980;I: 233-260.
[36] Reddy AR, Reddy KR, Padjung R, Hodges HF. Nitrogen nutrition and photosynthesis in theleaves of pima cotton J. Plant Nutr. 1996; 19: 755-790.