Application of B.F. Skinner's Behaviorism Theory in Learning Maharah Qira'ah at UMALA
Maharah qira'ah is considered difficult because it is a demand as an Arabic learner to analyze the meaning of a text. The purpose of the study is to identify the application of Behaviorism Theory in learning maharah qira'ah at UMALA and explore the contribution of behaviorism theory to learning maharah qira'ah at UMALA. This is qualitative field research, with the data collected from documentation, observation, and interview with students and lecturers at UMALA. Researchers also triangulate methods and data sources as a test of data validity and the presentation of the data is descriptive. The results showed that B.F. Skinner's behaviorism theory can be applied by Positive Reinforcement, Negative Reinforcement, and shaping techniques. There are six indicators of achievement of this theory, namely students can read the text with correct reading and intonation, students are able to understand the reading correctly, students can understand Arabic sentences, students can translate the reading correctly, students can understand the reading position of each word, and students are able to understand the main sentence of the reading text. While there are two unsuitable indicators of achievement i.e. being burdened with grammar and translation and unable to retell in their own language.