THE CONFLICT OF SOURCE WATER SPRINGS IN THE SHORT STORY SUMUR: A STORY BY EKA KURNIAWAN PERSPECTIVE GEORGE SIMMEL
The villagers' main problem was the difficult search for a water source during the protracted drought, which lasted for as long as eleven months. This study examines the various manifestations and underlying factors of conflicts related to springs as depicted in the short story "Sumur: A Story" by Eka Kurniawan, employing George Simmel's theoretical framework. Additionally, it explores the methods employed in resolving conflicts over springs, also from the perspective of George Simmel. This study employs sociological literature analysis, drawing upon George Simmel's conflict theory. The data collection methods employed in this study involved intense reading and note-taking procedures to discern and document instances of social tension within the novel. The study's analysis employs methodologies for data reduction, data display, and conclusion. The study's findings indicate the presence of four distinct forms of social conflict. These include antagonistic comparative conflicts, which were observed through clandestine meetings. Interpersonal conflicts were identified through various data findings, such as quarrels, maintaining distance, experiencing tension, and expressing anger. Conflict of interest was also identified as a form of conflict, with one data finding indicating a struggle. Intimate relationship conflict was observed, with two data findings indicating the presence of tension and anger. Furthermore, the study categorized conflict resolution into seven types. One data finding supported these, which include coercion or the use of force. Arbitration, with two data findings, was also identified as a form of conflict resolution. Tolerance, negotiation, avoidance, compromise, and conversion were each identified as separate types of conflict resolution, with one data finding supporting each category.