Influence of Diet Pattern on the Risk of Colorectal Cancer: A Systematic Review


Colorectal cancer ranks fourth in most cases in Indonesia. Diet is one of the risk factors for colorectal cancer. This study aimed to determine the effect of diet in increasing the risk of colorectal cancer and its mechanism in the progression of colorectal cancer. The method used is Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review Analysis (PRISMA) on the Google Scholar database, PubMed NCBI, and Science Direct. The analysis results of 23 articles that meet the criteria show that several food ingredients can increase the risk of colorectal cancer, including fat, fructose, and nitrate. Smoking and drinking alcohol also increases the risk of colorectal cancer. In contrast, vitamin D and fiber can reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. Therefore, this understanding is essential for doctors and the public to participate in reducing the incidence of colorectal cancer.

Author Biographies

Syayida Roisatus Zahiro, Universitas Brawijaya

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia

Roihatul Mutiah, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim

Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang, Malang, Indonesia


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How to Cite
ZAHIRO, Syayida Roisatus; MUTIAH, Roihatul. Influence of Diet Pattern on the Risk of Colorectal Cancer: A Systematic Review. Proceeding Annual Symposium on Hajj and Umrah Medicine, [S.l.], v. 1, p. 11-22, dec. 2022. ISSN 2987-548X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 27 may 2024. doi: