Main Article Content
This research aims to explore and analyze the implementation of the Independent Learning
Curriculum in forming critical reasoning character in PAI learning. This research uses the library
research research method, with a descriptive qualitative approach. This research was carried out by
exploring documents (libraries) in the form of books, notes or reports of previous research results.
The research results show that the implementation of the Merdeka Belajar Curriculum is effective in
forming critical reasoning character in PAI learning where the Merdeka Belajar Curriculum provides
a learning environment that is more inclusive and student-centered. Through this approach, students
are encouraged to become active subjects in the learning process, which helps them develop critical,
analytical and reflective thinking skills. Apart from that, in PAI learning, students are invited to link
religious values with real life contexts, thereby strengthening the link between theory and practice
in building critical reasoning character. The Merdeka Belajar curriculum also emphasizes the
importance of using a variety of learning resources, including information and communication
technology, to increase students' activeness in seeking information and evaluating various
perspectives. This positively contributes to forming a critical reasoning character who is able to
understand the complexity of religious and social issues.