Effect of Addition Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) on Physical Stability and SPF Value of Sunscreen Cream Combination of Zinc Oxide and Titanium Dioxide

Abstract

Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) is one of the natural ingredients used as antioxidants because of the high saturated fatty acids that cause VCO to be resistant to oxidation. In this research, a combination of zinc oxide (ZnO) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) sunscreen cream formulation was carried out with the addition of VCO as an antioxidant. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of adding VCO to physical stability and SPF values ​​of sunscreen cream combination of zinc oxide (ZnO) and titanium dioxide (TiO2). Sunscreen cream made 5 formulas, namely F1 (7% VCO), F2 (8% VCO), F3 (ZnO + TiO2), F4 (ZnO + TiO2 + VCO 7%) and F5 (ZnO + TiO2 + VCO 8%). The results showed that sunscreen cream formulas 1,2,4, and 5 had good physical-chemical characteristics and were stable during the storage period. While formula 3 produces white cast and is unstable in storage with temperature changes. The formula for sunscreen cream that produces the best SPF value is F5 (ZnO + TiO2 + VCO 8%) with the ultra protection type.

Author Biographies

Bella Corry Jayati, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim

Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim, Malang, Indonesia

Rahmi Annisa, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim

Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim, Malang, Indonesia

Alif Firman Firdausy, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim

Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim, Malang, Indonesia

Dewi Sinta Megawati, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim

Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim, Malang, Indonesia

Begum Fauziyah, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim

Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim, Malang, Indonesia

References

Alamsyah, A.N. 2005. Virgin Coconut Oil: Minyak Penakluk Aneka Penyakit. Jakarta : Agro Media Pustaka.
Antoniou, C., Kosmadaki, M.G., Stratigos, A.J., Katsambas, A.D. 2008. Sunscreens-what's essential to know. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 22: p. 1110-1118.
Ditjen POM. 1979 Farmakope Indonesia. Edisi Ketiga. Jakarta : Departemen Kesehatan RI.
Elya, B., Dewi, R., Budiman, M.H. 2013. Antioxidant cream of Solanum Lycopersicum L. Journal Pharma Technology Research, 5(1), p. 233-238.
Fauzy, A. 2012. Pengaruh Konsentrasi Minyak Ikan Terhadap Penetrasi Kurkumin Dalam Sediaan Mikroemulsi Gel. Skripsi. Jakarta : Fakultas MIPA Program Studi Farmasi Universitas Indonesia.
Gadri, A., Darijono, S. T., Mauludin, R. & Iwo, M. I., 2012. Formulasi Sediaan Tabir Surya dengan Bahan Aktif Nanopartikel Cangkang Telur Ayam Broiler. Jurnal Matematika dan Sains, 17(3), p. 89-90.
Liliana, M. 2007. Formulasi Solid Lipid Nanopartikel Dengan Vitamin E Asetat. Skripsi. Bandung : Sekolah Farmasi ITB.
Montesano, D., L. Cossignani., G. D'Arco., M.S. Simonetti dan P. Damiani. 2006. Pure lycopene from potato preserves extra virgin olive oil from natural oxidative events during storage. JAOCS, 83(11): p. 933-941.
Mu’awanah, I. A.U., Bambang, S. Syoufian A. 2014. Pengaruh Konsentrasi Coconut Oil (VCO) Terhadap Stabilitas Emulsi Kosmetik dan Nilai Sun Protection Factor (SPF).
Naibaho, O. H., P V. Y. Yamlean, W. Wiyono. 2013. Pengaruh Basis Salep Terhadap Formulasi Sediaan Salep Ekstrak Daun Kemangi ( Ocimum sanctum L.) pada Kulit Punggung Kelinci yang Dibuat Infeksi Staphylococcus aureus. Pharmacon Jurnal Ilmiah Farmasi– UNSRAT, 2 (2)
Nelson, J.L., P.S., Bernstein, M.C. Schmidt, M.S. Von Tress, dan E.W. Askew. 2003. Dietary Modification and Moderate Antioxidants Supplementation Differently Affect Serum Carotenoids, Antioxidant Level and Marker of Oxidative Stress in Older Humans. J. Nutr. 133: p. 3117-3123
Nole, G., Johnson, AW. 2004. An Analysis of Cumulative Lifetime Solar Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure and The Benefits of Daily Sun Protection. Dermatol Therapy. (17): p. 57-62.
Purnamasari, S.E. 2012, Formulasi dan Uji Penetrasi Natrium Diklofenak dalam Emulsi dan Mikroemulsi Menggunakan Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) sebagai Fase Minyak. Farmasi Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Penetahuan Alam: Depok.
Rieger, M.M., 2000. Harry’s Cosmeticology 8th Edition. New York : Chemical Publishing Co.Inc.
Shovyana, H.H., A. Karim Z. Physical Stability and Activity of Cream W/O Etanolic Fruit Extract of Mahkota Dewa (Phaleria macrocarpa (Scheff.) Boerl,) as A a Sunscreen. Traditional Medicine Journal 18(2). Yogyakarta: Fakultas Farmasi UGM, 2013.
Sihombing, A.P. 2016. Pengaruh Penambahan Minyak Kelapa Murni (VCO) Terhadap Efektivitas Krim Tabir Surya Kombinasi Oktilmetoksisinamat dan Titanium Dioksida. Skripsi. Universitas Sumatera Utara.
Swastika, A. Mufrod & Puwanto. 2013. Aktivitas Antioksidan Krim ekstrak sari Tomat (Solanum lycopersicum L.), Trad Med Journal, 18(3), p. 132-140.
Wasitaatmadja, S.M. 1997. Penuntun Ilmu Kosmetik Medik. Jakarta : UI Press.
Willis, I. and L. Cylus. 1977. UVA erythema in skin: is it a sunburn? J. of Wilderness Med.,3(1): p. 174-179.
Published
2021-12-05
How to Cite
JAYATI, Bella Corry et al. Effect of Addition Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) on Physical Stability and SPF Value of Sunscreen Cream Combination of Zinc Oxide and Titanium Dioxide. Proceedings of International Pharmacy Ulul Albab Conference and Seminar (PLANAR), [S.l.], v. 1, p. 8-14, dec. 2021. ISSN 2827-7848. Available at: <http://conferences.uin-malang.ac.id/index.php/planar/article/view/1453>. Date accessed: 19 aug. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.18860/planar.v1i0.1453.